REVIEW – August 2022

Alopecia areata

Authors: Eeva Liisa Bender

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Alopecia areata is a common dermatological disease, which causes hair loss on the scalp or other parts of the body. This disease manifests itself irrespective of sex and age, but is dependent on genetic, autoimmune and environmental factors. The final etiology is not known and immunological inflammation plays the main role in the pathogenesis.

This disease does not have curative treatment, which would keep the progress and relapse of the disease away and would offer modest side effects. Today, mostly corticosteroids and contact immunotherapy are being used in order to treat the patients. Curative intervention is not a must have, since a considerable amount of patients experience a spontaneous recovery. The less patches and the smaller these patches are, the better treatment results and higher probability of a spontaneous recovery.