REVIEW – December 2006

Red Cross and Geneva Conventions


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In a few years the Red Cross Movement will celebrate its 150th anniversary. Since the time of its creation by the Swiss businessman Henry Dunant the Red Cross has undergone many changes and developments, however, its goals have remained the same. The Geneva Conventions and their Additional Protocols serve as a basis for international humanitarian law. The latest, Third Protocol was adopted at the end of 2005. Under the protocol, the Movement can start using a new, entirely neutral  symbol – the Red Crystal. The Red Cross Movement operates through its organisations: the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC), the International Federation of the Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (IFRC) and the National Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies. The Red Cross Movement has been awarded three Nobel Peace Prizes – for service during World War I and World War II and on the occasion of the movement’s 100th anniversary.